Rice production in India is an important part of the national economy. Major cropping areas in India. Rice shaded in light jade green indicates the most important and extensive growing areas in the east of the country. Dry productive Paddy Fields in South India. Mature Rice, Thrissur, Kerala, India. India is the world's second-largest producer of rice, and the largest exporter of rice in the world. Production increased from 53.6 million tons in FY 1980 to 120 million tons in FY2020-21. paddy seeds are available at any variety of Indian rice.