Ketogenic diets that increase acetone in the body are used to reduce epileptic attacks in infants and children who suffer from recalcitrant refractory epilepsy.
Acetone is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO. This colorless, mobile, flammable liquid is the simplest example of the ketones. Owing to the fact that acetone is miscible with water it serves as an important solvent in its own right, typically as the solvent of choice for cleaning purposes in the laboratory. More than 3 million tonnes are produced annually, mainly as a precursor to polymers. Familiar household uses of acetone are as the active ingredient in nail polish remover and as paint thinner and sanitary cleaner/nail polish remover base. It is a common building block in organic chemistry. Acetone is naturally produced and disposed of in the human body as a result of normal metabolic processes. Reproductive toxicity tests show that it has low potential to cause reproductive problems. In fact, the body naturally increases the level of acetone in pregnant women, nursing mothers and children because their higher energy requirements lead to higher levels of acetone production. The medical community is now using ketogenic diets that increase acetone in the body to reduce epileptic attacks in infants and children who suffer from recalcitrant refractory epilepsy. Acetone is produced directly or indirectly from propylene. Most commonly, in the cumene process, benzene is alkylated with propene and the resulting cumene (isopropylbenzene) is oxidized to give phenol and acetone: C6H5CH(CH3)2 + O2 ¿ C6H5OH + (CH3)2CO This conversion entails the intermediacy of cumene hydroperoxide, C6H5C(OOH)(CH3)2. Acetone is also produced by the direct oxidation of propene with a Pd(II)/Cu(II) catalyst, akin to the Wacker process.
Acetone is clear, colorless, low boiling, flammable, volatile liquid, characterized by rapid evaporation and a fiantly aromatic, sweetish odor. Drum, iso
BC, BG, ethylene glycol monobutyl ether, EB, BDG, butyl carbitol, BTG, IPA, acetone, MEK, EA, cyclohexane, MDG, PMA, PM, Toluene, Xylene, VPEG, EEP, MDG.
Acetone thiosemicarbazone is a chemical compound with the molecular formula C4H9N3S. It is used in the plastics industry in the manufacture of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) to terminate the polymerization process.
It is used in the plastics industry in the manufacture of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) to terminate the polymerization process.Acetone thiosemicarbazone is listed as an extremely hazardous substance because of its high toxicity.